Uganda has 10 national parks, 12 wildlife reserves and 13 wildlife sanctuaries. In these protected areas, there are unique plants and creatures, some of which are endemic to the country.
Uganda has all of the big five (lions, buffaloes, rhinos, elephants and leopards) mammals, mountain gorillas, chimpanzees, other small primates and over 1060 bird species. Uganda also has common wild mammals like zebras, hyenas, giraffes and several species of antelopes. Apart from living things, Uganda has a variety of natural physical features like streams, valleys, gorges, mountains, hills, rivers, fresh water lakes, crater lakes and calderas. Uganda is the source of the great river Nile and has the highest population of mountain gorillas in the world.